PEARLS

Pearls are gemstones of organic, origin. We differentiate between natural and cultivated pearls based on whether man has been involved or not. The typical pearly luster is produced by the overlapping platelets of aragonite and film of conchiolin nearer of the pearl surface. This formation also causes the interference of light and the resulting iridescent colors, called orient that can be observed in the pearls surface.Known for men since roman times, due that pearls do not need to be polished or cut to show it´s beauty. Natural Pearls are made by a mollusk as a defensive action resulting from the intrusion of a foreign body. They are opaque and can come in a myriad of shapes and colors. They are made of a fragile material as their structure is made of organic material and water. For this reason, we recommend that they do not come into contact with dryness, perfumes, sweat or other pearls. They should also be worn only on occasion and should be aired well.

SYMBOLOGY

INNOCENCE: Due to their delicate nature, pearls have traditionally been associated with purity and innocence. They are often worn as charms for protection against evil and for good luck.

PEARLS
Due to their delicate nature, pearls have traditionally been associated with purity and innocence.

Cultured pearls

Most pearls that are currently sold are cultivated, since over-fishing natural riverbeds has caused many of them to run out. They are formed by oysters in a nearly identical way as the natural ones. The only difference is that an artificial core is manually inserted into an oyster so that this begins to secrete nacre. Cultivated pearls are valued depending on quality factors, such as luster, surface condition, shape, color and/or size. Known for men since roman times, due that pearls do not need to be polished or cut to show it´s beauty. Depending on the varieties and where they are produced, we differentiate between:

CULTIVATED FRESH WATER PEARLS

1. Cultivated fresh water pearls

Pearls cultivated in pearl farms, which can be found in rivers, bays and lakes all over the world. They are easily cultivated in freshwater molluscs, though as salt water cultivated pearls.
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The Japanese began to experiment with freshwater mussels and came to the conclusion that inserting cores was not necessary, only a small pieces of mantle was needed to get the cultivation process started. 

ORIGIN

China, Japan, USA.

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AKOYA

2. Akoya

“Classic” cultivated pearls produced by the Pinctada Martensii oyster. Due to the oyster’s smaller size, these pearls are rather small, between 2 and 9 mm. Mikimoto is known as the akoya cultivated pearl industry pioneer. Although Japan was the undisputed leader in pearl cultivation, at the beginning of the 1990s, China began to produce a large number of these pearls.
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Nicely rounded, its white color and pink shading are the perfect pairing. They contain a beautiful and intense luster and orient with few imperfections.

ORIGIN

Japan, China, Korea, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka.

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AUSTRALIAN OR SOUTH SEA PEARLS

3. Australian or south sea pearls

They generally range in size between 10 and 20 millimeters of diameter and are produced in the largest mollusk, the Pinctada Máxima. The cultivation period is nearly 3 years.
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They are known as the “queen of the pearls” due to their large size and their unmatched beauty. They can come in a range of shapes, but are usually rounded although baroque shapes are also well desired. 

ORIGIN

Northern Australia, area around the Philippines, Indonesia.

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MABE PEARL

4. Mabe pearl

Cultivated semi-spherical pearls that grow attached to the inside of an oyster shell, instead of inside its body. They are produced in sizes that range from 10 to 17 mm in diameter.
DID YOU KNOW THAT...?

When the hemispheric pearl has been covered in with nacre, it is cut, the nucleus is eliminated, the hole is filled, and a mother-of-pearl base is incorporated. 

ORIGIN

Japan, Indonesia, Australia.

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TAHITI

5. Tahiti

They are produced by a variety of pearl oysters called Pinctada Margaritífera with a dark hue. The pearls produced normally have a diameter between 8 and 16 mm.
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Also known as “black pearls” due to their fascinating dark color. In spite of this, they come in a range of colors without ever being pure black, such as silvery gray, Tahiti gray or pearl gray, and an intense dark blue with an intense overtone. They are the only known natural black pearls. All of the others are dyed. 

ORIGIN

French Polynesia, islands in the Pacific Ocean.

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